Fred Brack   Fred Brack  
Raleigh, NC
Picture of the Cape Hatteras lighthouse

Fred's Foreign Travel Tips

Having been to Europe nearly a dozen times now on vacation, Kathy and I feel pretty comfortable packing for such trips and dealing with situations that may come up.  Here are some key points that you may wish to consider when making your trip overseas, whether to Europe or elsewhere.  Last review and update:  February 2021.


Guide books are fond of saying, "If you stick to the main roads in developed countries, you shouldn't have much trouble with language."  Right!  It would be a great mistake to assume that someone in every establishment you patronize will speak English in an non-English speaking country outside the largest cities.  This is not something to deter you from traveling or fear, however -- just deal with it!  We've come to the point of taking it on as a fun challenge.

While your waiter in a restaurant may not speak English (or very little), it is not uncommon to be handed a menu in English.  However, I recommend that you prepare yourself by taking the following four actions.

  1. Carry a pocket-sized foreign language dictionary (not a "phrase book") for each country in which you will travel.  (I use the Langenscheidt Universal Dictionaries, $8 each at Barnes and Noble or on Amazon.)  The dictionary will help with menus and signs, and as you use it, you will learn more about the language and be able to interpret more and more words and phrases without looking them up.
  2. Borrow a language course from the library before you travel and take the first few lessons.  Try to understand basic pronunciation rules (such as how the vowels are pronounced).
  3. Learn the following minimum set of words in each foreign language:  Yes, No, Hello, Goodbye, Good Morning, Good Afternoon, Good Evening, Excuse  Me (Pardon Me), Thank You, bathroom, the numbers zero to ten.
  4. Consult a guide book for any handy list of words they might provide and make copies of those pages.  For instance, a Rick Steeves travel book for Spain had a wonderful list of words associated with the ordering of all kinds of tapas, which was great for understanding the menu.  It also had a list of the proper pronunciation of basic Arabic words.


For many years now, most of the European nations (but not the UK!) now use common currency, the Euro (€), which is very helpful to travelers.  Your US dollars are generally useless except for possibly tipping tour guides.  NEVER offer US coins, as they cannot be exchanged for local currency.  Carrying Traveler's Checks is pretty passé these days:  everyone uses ATMs.  Be aware of two potential problems in using ATMs, however:

  1. You should notify the provider of your ATM card that you are traveling, so they can mark your account OK for foreign withdrawals while you are away.  The same holds true for your credit and debit cards!
  2. The foreign ATM owner and your bank will both charge a withdrawal fee.  You can minimize expenses by minimizing the amount and number of withdrawals.  I always make my first withdrawal at an airport ATM when I arrive, then I try to make the second one as near the end of the trip as possible to calculate expenses easily.  Don't forget money for your tour guide and bus driver if you are on an organized trip.  Don't worry about leftover euros -- you'll go to Europe again!

Obviously, you need to make sure you know your ATM card's personal code.  If by any chance you have a code with a letter in it or one that uses an asterisk or pound sign, consult your bank for an alternate code which will work in Europe.

While credit cards can be used in most places, most of them charge a "Foreign Exchange Fee" of 3% or so of each transaction, but some credit cards do not.  Check this out before you go and save money by using a card with no exchange fee!  And if asked whether you want them to charge you in US Dollars or local currency, always choose US Dollars to avoid the local exchange rate.

It is very desirable to have coins (1€ and 2€) for tips, as the smallest Euro bill is 5€; so deliberately "break" a bill to get change as early as possible in your trip, and be conscious of the need for coins throughout your trip.  Please note that many countries charge a fee (or request a tip) to use a rest room (typically 50 cents -- another coin you need to have!).


I suppose there is no greater danger of a personal attack in Europe than in the USA, but there is certainly a greater danger of being the victim of a pickpocket, with more dire consequences (like losing your passport).  You must be vigilant in your actions to avoid becoming a victim.  Recommendations:

Most good hotels have a safe in the room.  USE IT!  Put your passport there and any excess funds.  If traveling as a couple, don't both carry the same credit or ATM card, but do carry at least one different card.  This way, if one person is robbed, the other will still have a useful card.  Before you leave, be sure to make a copy of your passports.  Leave one copy at home, and bring the second, leaving it somewhere other than with your passports.  If you are traveling with another couple, exchange paperwork, to facilitate reissue of your passport if it is stolen.  Also, be sure to record your credit card numbers along with the phone numbers to call to cancel them, in case your cards are stolen.  And, of course, don't leave that information in your wallet!

Leave at home:  Anything from your wallet you won't need, such as store credit cards and pictures; any jewelry (including your engagement ring) that you would really be pained to lose; expensive watches (use a cheap Timex with two time zones); etc.  This is not the time to show off your Rolex!

Finally, don't forget about airline travel security regulations.  Review the guidelines at before each tip.  There are strong regulations regarding carrying liquids in your carry-on luggage.  Keep in mind that if you purchase liquor in the duty free shop when you leave Europe, if you have to switch planes in the USA, you may need to pass through security again and comply with rules regarding liquids, so you will have to transfer any liquor to your checked luggage (which you will have in hand briefly) at that point.


Coach class weight limits per bag can vary, but are generally 50 pounds in the USA and 44 pounds in Europe (intercity flights, not a direct flight home).  Travel groups generally restrict patrons to one suitcase under 50 pounds and one carry-on.  Inner packs (like those sold by eBags) are wonderful for organizing your suitcase and compressing clothes into the smallest amount of space.  Try not to jam your suitcase full, as you will inevitably make purchases that will require room on the way back!  I strongly recommend that well in advance of your trip you make a written checklist of items you want to bring that you can add to over time (and use on your next trip).  Some of the less obvious items you may wish to consider are:

We always travel with backpacks.  To help alleviate potential problems of lost luggage, we carry some cosmetic items going over, along with a change of clothes and an all-weather jacket, in addition to items we want access to on the plane (such as electronic book readers and other reading materials).  And you may want to give some consideration to purchasing a noise-canceling set of earphones for this long trip:  they do a great job of drowning out a lot of the airplane noise, which helps you enjoy music and/or sleep.  Some airlines require you to purchase earphones (in coach class), so you may want to bring your own.  You should also purchase a converter for the two-prong airline jacks to a regular phone jack.

Communications Home

If you need to call home, it used to be that the cheapest way was to buy an international calling card when you get to your destination.  You can purchase them for as little as 5€.  Your biggest problem, though, will be finding a pay phone, as they are becoming scarcer the world over.  If you use a hotel phone, there will undoubtedly be a huge surcharge.  And calling cards purchased in the USA will not be anywhere near as economical as using one purchased overseas.

Most modern cellphones (especially "SmartPhones" like iPhones) work overseas.  Typically SENT text messages are 50 cents each, RECEIVED ones are 5 cents each, but VOICE communications in and out are $2-$3 a minute.  Just make sure you have international calling activated before you leave home and understand the "rules" with your provider.  Recommended:  You should be able to buy an international "package" for your trip with a certain number of included text messages and cell minutes (see next paragraph).  You can also buy an "international" phone here in the USA to take with you.  Those with universal SIMs are probably best, as they work in most countries, though you have to take care to "recharge" them ($) or reactivate them periodically, otherwise they become worthless.  See and other sites for more information.

That said, the best way to communicate home is via the SmartPhone app called WHATSAPP (and there are others).  No charge to send or receive messages, including photos, as long as you have a Wi-Fi connection.  You can also use Apple's Facetime or the Skype app for free calling.  (Oh boy, that's old!  I should probably replace Skype with Zoom!)  It is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT that you put your phone in Airplane mode overseas when not immediately in use, otherwise it will always be communicating with local cell towers which will run up a DATA bill fast.  If you can't rely on Wi-Fi, then purchase an overseas calling plan from your provider.  For instance, Example:  Verizon offered 100 MB of data for $25/month, and for $15 more, you get 100 calling minutes.  The cost and details probably vary by now.  Check the plans for free text message limits, and be sure that you understand exactly how the plan works.  For instance, you only get the 100 MB if you keep it active for a full month (as opposed to starting it partway into your monthly billing cycle or ending it early).  In other words, you will probably want it active before you leave to begin accumulating credits, and you'll probably want to keep it active after you return for a while.  You will need to be out of Airplane mode and have International Roaming turned on to use your phone, but flip Airplane mode on as soon as you are done using it, to avoid those background data uses.  And trust me ... 100MB isn't much and goes fast; so no videos, downloads, or anything more than minimal browsing!


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